Development projects need to be rigorously evaluated to assess the extent of impact created by the interventions, as well as obtain key lessons for program scale up, and replication.


The onset of climate change has resulted in dwindling water resources, thus indirectly affecting crop yields due to reduction of soil-water moisture. As such, it is paramount that farms focus towards the application of advanced irrigation technologies.

Land Use and Environmental Management

Environmental degradation is on the increase as a result of poor land use patterns and other practices that lead to waste and destruction of ecological patterns. This is exemplified by overgrazing, destructive tilling practices on sloping landscapes, monoculture, unguided and uncontrolled use of fertilizers and pesticides, bush burning, deforestation.

Good Agronomic Practices

The unprecedented increase in population has led to significant reduction in portion size of land plots. The need for increased demand for food, coupled with reduced land sizes has led to often environmentally disastrous and unsustainable agricultural approaches and overexploitation of resources.

Soil Analysis

It is important that farmers understand their soil system for better yields and land optimization. This includes pedon and landscape scale soil properties such as base saturation (BS), cation exchange capacity (CEC) and pH, which all do influence crop type, cropping patterns and land use management practices.